History of USA Government
The modern political system of the United States of America is completely determined by the constitution, according to which all state power is divided into legislative, executive and judicial, with their own specific functions.
In the United States, as typical of a presidential republic, there is a strict check and balance system between different branches of government, and the judiciary has an active influence in this system. The check and balance system is expressed in the fact that:
- Congress has the right to reject the laws of the President;
- the Senate may reject any candidate proposed by the President for the highest position in the state apparatus and reject the international agreement concluded by the President;
- Congress may bring the President to justice by impeachment and, if the Senate found him guilty it may remove from the post;
- The President has a veto in Congress on bills approved by both chambers;
- The Supreme Court has the right to repeal both the laws of Congress and the regulations of the President.
Stability of the US government
For more than 2 centuries, the mechanism of government in the United States has been operating steadily, without any major convulsions. Such an absence of convulsions is supported by the democratic foundation of the political system. In addition, a stable two-party system, which has been developing since the middle of the XIX century, should be noted.
Political parties in the United States currently represent:
- Democratic Party. The Democratic Party was founded in 1783, in the southern states by supporters of preserving plantation farms using slave labor. With slavery abolition (1865), the essential differences between Democrats and Republicans are gradually smoothed out. Now their party platforms are distinguished by minor differences. The Democratic Party supports the implementation of radical social programs within the country and the provision of wider assistance to developing countries. This party was organizationally arranged in 1828. It has been called democratic since 1830. There is no permanent membership. Elections are a way to enter the party. The general chairman is Ed Randell. The chairman of the National Committee is Terry McAuliffc.
- Communist Party of the USA. It was founded on September 1, 1919. It has about 15.000 members. National Chairman of the United States of America – Sam Webb. Party press – Reo pie’s Daily World, a theoretical journal of Political Affairs.
- The Republican Party, established in 1854, relying on supporters in the northern states, advocated the elimination of slavery and servitude. Republicans are in favor of austerity regime, against excessive spending on social programs (education, medicine, unemployment benefits), for reducing taxes on entrepreneurs, and extensive financial assistance to foreign countries. There is no permanent membership. The entrance of the party is conducted through elections. The chairman of the National Committee is Marc Racicot.
- Social Democrats USA. The party was established in 1972 on the basis of one of the US Socialist Party, founded in 1901, and the Federation of Democratic Socialism. It is included in the Socialist International. The national chairman is Donald Slaiman. Press organ – the magazine New New America
- Socialist Party USA. It was founded in 1901 by Eugene Debs. National co-chairs: David Gill, Mary Cal Hollis. National Secretary – Greg Pason.
- Socialist Labor Party. Founded in 1877. National Secretary – Jack Barnes. The press organ is the People newspaper.
Republican and Democratic parties have the widest support of voters. They alternately come to power. One party holds on power, the other is in opposition. The electoral outcome does not cause any concern: the president, vice president, congressmen, state governors will necessarily be representatives of the Republican or Democratic parties. Such a party system can be attributed to two-party. It ensures the stability and sustainability of the US government.
Category: General Issues